What is a Thorough Examination?
This is an examination that is required by law so that the lifting equipment is safe for the user. It should be carried out before the equipment is put into service and at regular intervals i.e. every 6 months. It should be arranged by the user or if it is a hire truck, then it is the hire companies responsibility. When a thorough examination is carried out it can identify whether the equipment is safe to operate and identify any damage or deterioration so that it can be rectified. If a piece of equipment is moved to a new site or been involved in an accident or has been out of use for a long period of time then it should also have a thorough examination carried out on it to make sure it is safe to use.
Do I need to train my Forklift Driver?
The ‘Provision and use of work equipment regulations 1998’ requires all employers who use and supervises the use of work equipment to have training on how to use the equipment, risks involved and precautions to be taken. Employers should never allow anybody to operate a forklift unless they have successfully completed basic training and testing
Does my forklift need a seat belt?
A forklift must have a seat belt because the law on mobile work equipment states that where mobile work equipment is used for carrying people and there is a risk of the machine rolling over or overturning, seat belts must be fitted to avoid the risk of people being crushed between the ground and the equipment. However, this does not apply to reach trucks or counterbalance trucks fitted with a fully enclosed steel cab with steel doors. If the forklift truck is quite old and needs modifications before you can fit a seat belt, McLeman can advise if this is viable and the costs involved.
What is a Loler?
Loler stands for Lifting operations and lifting equipment regulations 1998 and it applies to all lifting equipment including second-hand, leased and new equipment. It includes regulations that specify management should plan properly any lifting operations involving a lift truck, supervise them properly and make sure they are carried out in a safe manner. The Loler is incorporated in the Thorough Inspection.
What is a Puwer?
Puwer stands for provision and use of work equipment 1998 and it is carried out to ensure that the lifting equipment is not a health and safety risk regardless of the age, condition and origin. Puwer 1998 applies to all work equipment and requires that work equipment is suitable for the purpose it is to be used and it is maintained and inspected properly. It also requires that where the equipment is likely to have risks involved then the people using it and maintaining it are restricted. Also that employers and employees have had adequate training on how to use the equipment, risks involves and precautions to be taken. The Puwer is now incorporated into the Thorough Inspection schedule.
How much wear can a fork have?
10% wear on the thickness of the material on the fork heal. (This is normally the thickest part of the section).
What do I need to know about manual handling?
The unsafe use of manual handling causes more accidents and ill health in small workshops than any other single activity. Therefore employers must avoid the need for hazardous manual handling if practical, if it is not practical then they should assess the risk of injury which cannot be avoided and reduce it accordingly. Also employees should use mechanical aids properly and follow safe systems of work given to them properly and remember to use the training provided on lifting.
How can I lift a person in the air safely?
People should never be lifted in the air on the fork arms or on a pallet balanced on the forkarms because it is dangerous and illegal. To lift a person in the air safely you must use a properly maintained purpose-built working platform with suitable edge protection and toe boards. It must also be compatible with the lift truck that it is fitted onto. It should be secured to the trucks elevating carriage or fork to prevent it from tipping. All dangerous parts like the chains should be protected with screens or guards so that the person being lifted cannot reach any of them. Also any man up equipment or equipment being used to lift a person in the air must be Thoroughly Examined twice per year.
What is a load centre?
The load centre is the distance from the centre of gravity of the load to the front face of thefork shank and should be shown on the lift truck capacity data plate. If the capacity, lift height and load centre are not taken into consideration when using the lifting equipment then it may cause the truck to become unstable. All operators and supervisors should be familiar with the load centre distance.
Can I take my forklift on the road?
Forklifts can be taken on the road but there are lots of things that need to be considered first and if the truck is regularly on the road for long periods of time then it needs to be licensed with the Department of Transport. Wherever the forklift is travelling there must be enough overhead clearance and things like road humps should be avoided, as they are unsuitable for forklifts. It must be well lit wherever the forklift is travelling and if possible avoid pedestrians. All employees should be trained on the lift truck movements if it is used on the road and a second person should be provided to help with traffic. Also the driver must hold a current full British Driving Licence.
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